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Following the disappointment of his excursion into drama, Chaplin returned to comedy in 1925 with one of his most famous films, The Gold Rush.
The film’s story is fairly straight-forward. Chaplin plays the Lone Prospector who has come to the Klondike to be part of the Gold Rush. Due to horrendous weather, the prospector (Chaplin’s Little Tramp), finds himself stranded in a small cabin belonging to fugitive Black Larson (Tom Murray). Just when he thinks he is going to die by the fugitive’s hands, Big Jim McKay (Mark Swain) comes and saves the lone prospector. The Black Larson is sent to look for food as starvation nearly takes their lives. Some of the mishaps of hunger and cold are portrayed at this point in some brilliantly funny scenes including Chaplin seeing one of his fellow occupants as a large chicken, the famous dinner roll scene, in which Chaplin performs the roll dance, and his cooking and eating of his own leather shoe. However, finally, their hunger is spared when a bear makes way to the cabin and is killed for food. It is also to be known that Big Jim McKay has a hidden mine that will make him rich, that he insists he will go to when they are able to leave the cabin. When the storm ends, the men leave the cabin and McKay departs for his hidden mine, only to find that the Black Larson has hold of his property. The Black Larson and Big Jim fight it out yet again, the Larson this time hitting McKay in the head with a shovel causing temporary amnesia. Following the battle, the Larson falls to his death in an avalanche. The Lonely Prospector make his way to the nearest town, down on his luck as always. He comes to a saloon where he sees Georgia (Georgia Hale), Queen of the Dancehall girls. He becomes immediately infatuated with her and begins vying for her love. During his pining for Georgia, Big Jim McKay makes his way in with just enough memory returned to recognize the Lonely Prospector. Can Chaplin’s character help Big Jim find his hidden mine and fortune? With the Lone Prospector get the girl of his dream, the beautiful Georgia? Without spoiling the film, you’ll have to watch for yourself to find out.
Originally, planned to be shot in northern California on location, the film was ultimately shot at Chaplin Studios. The remaining opening sequence from the brutal shoot in Truckee, Calif. is all that remained in the final film of the time the company spent shooting in the real Yukon. Originally, Chaplin had cast the young angel actress from The Kid in the lead role, 16-year-old Lita Grey. During filming, Chaplin and Grey fell in love and married in November 1924; Chaplin was 35 at this time, Grey, again, only 16. Following their marriage and her subsequent pregnancy, Chaplin was forced to replace Grey with actress Georgia Hale for the role of the dancehall girl. Unfortunately, the marriage between Grey and Chaplin was a difficult one and one that would, in the end, cost Chaplin dearly. At the time they finally divorced in 1927, she received the largest matrimonial settlement in history to that date, which amounted to $825,000 (on top of nearly a million in court costs). This, topped with a federal tax dispute around the same time, supposedly is what caused Chaplin’s hair to turn white at the young age of 38.
The replacement of Grey with Hale lead to a relationship between Chaplin and Hale that continued through the duration of filming and during Grey and Chaplin’s marriage. Upon release, The Gold Rush was a major success and made a lot of money at the box office. Many of Chaplin’s scenes mentioned earlier, like the roll dance, are some of his most famous moments. Furthermore, this was long said to be Chaplin’s own personal favorite film that he made during his nearly 60 year career in motion pictures.